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Two-Spirited People Web Resources

Collected by: University of Winnipeg

Archived since: Oct, 2019

Description:

The mission of the Two-Spirit Archives at the University of Winnipeg Library is to develop an internationally-renowned centre for research that supports the needs of the Two-Spirit community; makes Two-Spirit people visible in our documentary heritage; and supports the research, teaching, learning, and community mandates of the University. It is guided in its development by the Two-Spirit Archives Advisory Council, which ensures Two-Spirit people are central to preserving the history of their contributions to society and in strengthening their community. In collaboration with the Two-Spirited People of Manitoba, Inc., the University of Winnipeg Library has curated and captured a selection of webpages, video, social media, news coverage, and resources that pertain to Two-Spirit people. This growing collection covers a diverse range of topics, which include websites of Two-Spirit organizations in North America, film and video created by and about Two-Spirited people, written resources and tools, Two-Spirit autobiographies and narratives, visual art, archival collections, conferences and outreach, and social media. This is an ongoing web-archiving project that will continue to grow as more Two-Spirited material continues to be published on the Internet. We gratefully acknowledge the knowledge, support, and resources shared by the Two-Spirited People of Manitoba, Inc.

Subject:   Two-spirit People--Canada Two-spirit People--North America Homophobia--Canada Narratives Gender Sexuality Indigenous Indigenous art--North America Indigenous authors Indigenous knowledge Pride Society & Culture

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Title: Two-Spirit People

URL: http://allnationshope.ca/pages/2-spirit/

Description: Series of resources - web and textual - collected by the All Nations Hope Network

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--Canada Two-Spirit People--Resources Society & Culture

Title: The Two-Spirit Tradition

URL: http://androgyne.0catch.com/2spiritx.htm

Description: History and resources relating to Two-Spirit people, including how the term "two-spirit" is referred to in communities across North America.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--United States Society & Culture History Resources

Title: U of Winnipeg creates archive of Indigenous two-spirit artifacts

URL: http://charlatan.ca/2019/08/u-of-winnipeg-creates-archive-of-indigenous-two-spirit-artifacts/

Description: Article discussing the preservation of two-spirit material at the University of Winnipeg (U of W) Archives. Photographs taken at the 1991 New York City Pride March. A painted rock from the inaugural sharing circle for the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. A series of obituaries. These are some of the artifacts found in the two-spirit archives at the University of Winnipeg (U of W), which seeks to preserve the stories of two-spirit people and trace the two-spirit movement’s development in North America.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--Canada Celebration University of Winnipeg Archives Society & Culture Narratives Indigenous art--North America

Title: Bruce McKinney papers, University of Kansas Libraries

URL: http://etext.ku.edu/view?docId=ksrlead/ksrl.kc.mckinneybruce.xml/

Description: Coffeyville, Kansas native Bruce A. McKinney began his career as an activist in the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgendered (LGBT) community during the 1960s while still a student in Coffeyville. During college, he was active in Wichita State University's Student Homophile Association. After college McKinney continued his activism in the community and began his archive, collecting items of significance related to the LGBT community both in and outside of Kansas. This collection reflects McKinney's involvement in the community as an activist and an archivist. It includes McKinney's personal notebooks, organization papers, newspaper and magazine serials, posters, and other memorabilia. It also contains the papers of both Rob Gutzman and Steve Wheeler, whose papers were donated to McKinney's archive posthumously.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--United States Archival material

Title: Two Spirits Documentary

URL: http://twospirits.org/

Description: TWO SPIRITS interweaves the tragic story of a mother’s loss of her son with a revealing look at a time when the world wasn’t simply divided into male and female, and many Native American cultures held places of honor for people of integrated genders. Fred Martinez was nádleehí, a male-bodied person with a feminine nature, a special gift according to his ancient Navajo culture. But the place where two discriminations meet is a dangerous place to live, and Fred became one of the youngest hate-crime victims in modern history when he was brutally murdered at sixteen. Between tradition and controversy, sex and spirit, and freedom and fear, lives the truth—the bravest choice you can make is to be yourself.

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Subject:   Society & Culture Narratives Homophobia--North America Racism--North America Two-Spirit People--North America Indigenous knowledge Indigenous art--North America Two-Spirit--United States Navajo--United States

Title: Bar Chee Ampe and Beyond: Uncovering Two-Spirit Identity, Part 1

URL: http://womenatthecenter.nyhistory.org/two-spirit-identity-1/

Description: Three part blog on the historiography and organizing of WeWah & BarCheeAmpe Native Two Spirits in New York City.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--United States Society & Culture Narratives Identity

Title: Bar Chee Ampe and Beyond: Uncovering Two-Spirit Identity, Part 2

URL: http://womenatthecenter.nyhistory.org/two-spirit-identity-2/

Description: Three-part blog on the historiography and organizing of WeWah & BarCheeAmpe Native Two Spirits in New York City.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--United States Society & Culture Narratives Identity

Title: Bar Chee Ampe and Beyond: Uncovering Two-Spirit Identity, Part 3

URL: http://womenatthecenter.nyhistory.org/two-spirit-identity-3/

Description: Three part blog on the historiography and organizing of WeWah & BarCheeAmpe Native Two Spirits in New York City.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--United States Society & Culture Narratives Identity

Title: 2-Spirited People of the 1st Nations

URL: http://www.2spirits.com/

Description: The 2-Spirited People of the 1st Nations were created to honour their ancestral past and reclaim their Aboriginal identity. Since European colonization, the existence of the Two Spirit community has been systematically denied and culturally alienated from the Aboriginal identity. 2-Spirit members bear witness to this activity in the form of racism, sexism and homophobia in the courts, the streets, the education system, and the media and in other lesbian and gay organizations within the dominant Canadian society. They provide prevention education and support for 2-Spirit, including First Nations, metis and Inuit people living with or at risk for HIV and related co-infections in the Greater Toronto Area and base their work on indigenous philosophies of wholistic health and wellness.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit people--North America Two-Spirit people--Canada Gender Indigenous knowledge Pride Society & Culture Homophobia--Canada

Title: Bay Area American Indian Two Spirits (BAAITS)

URL: http://www.baaits.org/

Description: BAAITS is a community-based volunteer organization offering culturally relevant activities for Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex Native Americans, their families and friends. Two-Spirit refers to the commonly shared notion among many Native American tribes that some individuals naturally possessed and manifested both a masculine and feminine spiritual qualities. American society commonly identifies Two-Spirit People as Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual or Transgender. Bay Area American Indian Two-Spirits comes together to socialize, share and network in an alcohol and drug-free environment. BAAITS sees itself as an organization for Two-Spirit people to explore their rich heritage in a safe environment. To that end, BAAITS is committed to offering culturally relevant activities for LGBT individuals of Native American ancestry and their families and friends.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Gender Indigenous knowledge Pride Society & Culture

Title: Without Reservations: Native American Lesbians Struggle to Find Their Way

URL: http://www.curvemag.com/Curve-Magazine/Web-Articles-2008/Without-Reservations-Native-American-Lesbians-Struggle-to-Find-Their-Way/

Description: Article discusses the struggles of two-spirit people in and outside their communities. Includes narratives from several female sources.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--United States Sciety & Culture Homophobia Activism Narratives

Title: History Made as MMF Hosts First Ever Two-Spirit Local Meeting

URL: http://www.mmf.mb.ca/news_details.php?news_id=399

Description: The Manitoba Metis Federation (MMF) has just made history by creating a Two-Spirit Michif Local, 12 August 2019. (2SLGBTQ)

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--Canada Two-Spirit People--News Manitoba Metis Federation Society & Culture

Title: Native Youth Sexual Health Network

URL: http://www.nativeyouthsexualhealth.com/index.html

Description: Native Youth Sexual Health Network works with Indigenous peoples across the United States and Canada to advocate for and build strong, comprehensive, and culturally safe sexuality and reproductive health, rights, and justice initiatives in their own communities.

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Subject:   Indigenous Youth--North America Indigenous Youth--Health--North America Indigenous Youth--Sexual and reproductive health

Title: "Two Spirits" preview by Lydia Nibley

URL: http://www.pbs.org/independentlens/films/two-spirits/

Description: Two Spirits interweaves the tragic story of a mother’s loss of her son with a revealing look at the largely unknown history of a time when the world wasn’t simply divided into male and female and many Native American cultures held places of honor for people of integrated genders. Fred Martinez was nádleehí, a male-bodied person with a feminine nature, a special gift according to his ancient Navajo culture. He was one of the youngest hate-crime victims in modern history when he was brutally murdered at 16. Two Spirits explores the life and death of this boy who was also a girl, and the essentially spiritual nature of gender.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--United States Two-Spirit People--Navajo Culture & Society Racism--United States Gender Homophobia--United States

Title: Safe and Caring Schools for Two Spirit Youth: A guide for teachers and students

URL: http://www.safeandcaring.ca/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/Two-Spirited-Web-Booklet.pdf

Description: Two Spirit people have a long history among Indigenous people across Canada. Before first contact with European colonizers, most Indigenous people recognized the importance of Two Spirit individuals and the special responsibility bestowed on them by the Creator. At times they were visionaries, healers, medicine people and leaders of their communities. Two Spirit people were respected as equal and vital members of Indigenous societies. There are individuals documented in history, great women who took wives and carried the bow and men carrying out duties usually assigned to women. Nevertheless, the impact of colonization has been long lasting; suppressing Two Spirit traditions and roles and leaving generations of Two Spirit people suffering from multiple layers of discrimination and stigma. Two Spirit youth are particularly at risk. Some find themselves shut out of community gatherings; disowned or ostracized from their families and communities. Schools are no strangers to issues of victimization toward Two Spirit students, who are often targeted and maltreated as members of both a sexual and visible minority. Two Spirit youth may feel unsafe and unwelcome at school thus teachers and school administrators can play an invaluable role in addressing and alleviating some of these issues. As such, this resource hopes to provide a brief but informative window into the challenges that many Two Spirit students face within educational settings as well as contribute practical suggestions that teachers can use to begin addressing these multi layered issues.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--Canada Two-Spirit People--Education Safety Gender Resource Education & Training

Title: Chrystos on Queer Native America

URL: http://www.thegully.com/essays/gaymundo/020313_chrystos_native_gay.html

Description: March 13, 2002 interview with Chrystos, Native American poet, artist, and activist, who talks to The Gully about queer Native America and the de-queerifying of mainstream queers.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--United States Indigenous Art--North America Indigenous Author--United States Fugitive Colors Dream On Not Vanishing

Title: Tomson Highway

URL: http://www.tomsonhighway.com/

Description: Tomson Highway is the proud son of legendary caribou hunter and world championship dogsled racer, Joe Highway, and artist-in-her-own-right (as bead-worker and quilt-maker extraordinaire), Pelagie Highway. A full-blood Cree, he is a registered member of the Barren Lands First Nation, the village for which is called Brochet (pronounced "Bro-shay") and which village is located in northern Manitoba where it meets Saskatchewan and what is now called Nunavut. Today, he writes novels, plays, and music for a living. Having studied music and English literature at the Universities of Manitoba (Winnipeg) and Western Ontario (London), as well as in England, he earned both his Bachelor of Music Honours (Piano Performance major, 1975) and the equivalent of a Bachelor of Arts (English major, 1976), both from "Western."

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--Canada Two-Spirit People--North America Indigenous Art--North America Indigenous Author--Canada Barren Lands First Nation Kiss of the Fur Queen The Rez Sisters Dry Lips Oughta Move to Kapuskasing

Title: Two-Spirited People of Manitoba Inc.

URL: http://www.twospiritmanitoba.ca/

Description: The Two-Spirited People of Manitoba began in 1986 in Winnipeg. A group of concerned community members came together to support each other and plan community events. We became a non-profit organization in September 2007. We are a community-based organization focused on helping Indigenous LGBTQ/Two-Spirit people improve their lives. With the help of our tireless volunteers, we provide awareness workshops, advocate to prevent homophobia and transphobia, and organize community events.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit people--North America Two-Spirit people--Canada Gender Indigenous knowledge Pride Society & Culture

Title: Two-Spirit Papers, University of Minnesota Archives and Special Collections

URL: https://archives.lib.umn.edu/repositories/13/resources/2092/

Description: The Two-Spirit Papers includes paper records, visual materials, artifacts, and digital media from several different accessions. These records document a local Two-Spirit organization (American Indian Gays and Lesbians), as well as the personal experiences of GLBT activists from the Native American community.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People Archival material Indian gays -- United States -- Social Conditions Indian gays -- North America Burns, Randy (Activist) American Indian Gay and Lesbian Center

Title: Manitoba Metis Federation creates Two-Spirit Michif Local to better represent 2SLGBTQ community

URL: https://globalnews.ca/news/5799318/manitoba-metis-federation-creates-two-spirit-michif-local-to-better-represent-2slgbtq-community/

Description: The Manitoba Metis Federation (MMF) has created its first Two-Spirit Michif Local. It’s been created to represent and organize 2SLGBTQ Métis citizens and allies to better represent 2SLGBTQ Métis needs while discussing MMF objectives.

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Subject:   Manitoba Métis Federation Two-Spirit People--Canada Two-Spirit People--Manitoba Two-Spirit People--Representation Michif Métis--Resources Society & Culture

Title: Gwen Benaway

URL: https://gwenbenaway.com/

Description: Gwen Benaway is a trans girl of Anishinaabe and Métis descent. She has published three collections of poetry, Ceremonies for the Dead, Passage, and Holy Wild, and was the editor for an anthology of fantasy short stories, Maiden Mother and Crone: Fantastical Trans Femmes. Her writing has been critically acclaimed and widely published in Canada. She was a finalist for the Dayne Ogilvie Prize for LGBTQ writers from the Writer’s Trust of Canada, the Lambda Literary Award for Trans Poetry, and the National Magazine Awards and Digital Publishing Awards for her personal essay, A Body Like A Home. Her fourth collection of poetry, Aperture, is forthcoming from Book*hug in Spring 2020. She is also currently editing a book of creative non-fiction, trans girl in love, forthcoming from Strange Light in 2020. She lives in Toronto, Ontario and is a Ph.D student at the University of Toronto in the Women and Gender Studies Institute.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--Canada Two-Spirit People--North America Indigenous Art--North America Indigenous Author--Canada Anishinaabe Métis Ceremonies for the Dead Passage Holy Wild

Title: Two-Spirit Community

URL: https://lgbtqhealth.ca/community/two-spirit.php

Description: We are a team of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, transsexual, Two-Spirit, and queer (LGBTQ2S+) and ally researchers who focus on understanding how LGBTQ2S+ people experience physical and emotional (mental) health, and how they access health services.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--Canada Two-Spirit People--Health Society & Culture Two-Spirit People--Resources

Title: University of Manitoba Press’ latest book: A Two-Spirit Journey by Ma-Nee Chacaby

URL: https://news.umanitoba.ca/um-press-latest-book-the-autobiography-of-a-lesbian-ojibwa-cree-elder/

Description: University of Manitoba Press is publishing the autobiography of Ma-Nee Chacaby, a lesbian Objibwa-Cree Elder from Thunder Bay. A Two-Spirit Journey is Ma-Nee Chacaby’s extraordinary account of her life as an Ojibwa-Cree lesbian. From her early, often harrowing memories of life and abuse in a remote Ojibwa community riven by poverty and alcoholism, Chacaby’s story is one of enduring and ultimately overcoming the social, economic, and health legacies of colonialism.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--Canada Two-Spirit People--North America Indigenous Art--North America Indigenous Author--Canada Ojibwa-Cree A Two-Spirit Journey University of Manitoba

Title: Randy Burns papers, GLBT Historical Society

URL: https://oac.cdlib.org/findaid/ark:/13030/c8wm1f2f/entire_text/

Description: The bulk of the collection consists of materials relating to LGBT American Indians, Two-Spirit people and American Indian history collected by activist Randy Burns, co-founder with Barbara Cameron, of Gay American Indians (GAI). The collection includes materials related to Burns, GAI and other LGBT Indian organizations across the United States and Canada, including a typescript of “Living the Spirit: A Gay American Indian Anthology” by the GAI History Project. One major topic is AIDS, communities of color and cultural competency. There are facilitator’s manuals for safer sex workshops, and materials from the National Native American AIDS Prevention Center, the People of Color HIV/AIDS Advisory Committee and the Third World AIDS Advisory Task Force. Newsletters in the collection include “In the Wind,” “Native AIDS Brief,” the American Indian/Alaska Native Community AIDS Network Newsletter, and “Positively Native.” The collection also contains materials by and about Mohawk poet Maurice Kenny, anthropologist Walter Williams and scholar Will Roscoe. The collection has drafts and typescripts of Roscoe’s papers, including several pieces he wrote with Harry Hay, and correspondence and ephemera related to his work. Other topics and organizations represented in the collection reflects Burns’ activism in the Indian, anti-racist and LGBT communities and include materials from Gay Freedom Day and Bay Area Gay Liberation (BAGL), such as “Criticism of the June 28th Union.” Types of materials include academic papers, correspondence and memos, fact sheets and statistics, flyers, meeting minutes, newsletters, programs, reports and buttons.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--United States Burns, Randy (activist) Gay American Indians (Organization) Kenny, Maurice, 1929- Archival material

Title: Guide to the Robert Lynch papers, 1963-1989.

URL: https://rmc.library.cornell.edu/EAD/htmldocs/RMM07320.html

Description: Includes correspondence, diaries and other writings, poetry, photographs, and video depicting the life of Robert Lynch. Robert Lynch was born with the name Larry O'Neal Lynch on 14 September 1947 near Enfield, in Halifax County, eastern North Carolina. He was the oldest of the five children of Izetta Hedgepeth Lynch and Randolph Lynch. After graduating from Eastman High School in Enfield, North Carolina and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, he attended Harvard Law School. After practicing as an attorney in New York City, where he specialized in corporate and securities law, he became involved with the Dance Theatre of Harlem. In August of 1975, he returned to rural North Carolina, living for a time at "Redbird Cabin," a neglected cottage in the woods not far from the home in which he was a child. Lynch referred to this as his "Thoreauvian period"; there, for an especially intensive period of four years, and for the rest of his life, he wrote poetry, kept close and introspective poetic and impressionistic diaries, and researched his complex ancestries. In the 1970s, he also travelled and hitchhiked in America and internationally, frequently visiting friends in metropolitan areas. In 1979 he moved into "Izetta House," the home in which he had grown up. By 1980 he was referring to himself as Robert Benjamin Richardson Lynch, though his family and those who had known him as Larry, continued to call him that. He also spent periods of a year or less as the Officer of Housing, Economic Development and Cultural Affairs for Princeville, North Carolina, as Development Director for WVSP Public Radio in Warrenton, North Carolina, and as a consultant to the Dance Theatre of Harlem. In the early 1980s, Lynch became involved in studying and collecting folk art, (or primitive art, or l'art brut), which he referred to as "outsider art." As a field collector and dealer, Lynch acquired examples and assembled a large photographic representation of outsider art, and also created a video on the subject. In 1987 he became aware of having contracted AIDS. Lynch died on 13 March 1989.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--United States Haliwa-Saponi Halifax County (N.C.) -- Local history AIDS (Disease) -- North Carolina Race awareness Two-Spirit--Art Folk art -- North Carolina -- Halifax County

Title: Rosalie Favell

URL: https://rosaliefavell.com/

Description: Rosalie Favell is a photo-based artist, born in Winnipeg, Manitoba. Drawing inspiration from her family history and Métis (Cree/English) heritage, she uses a variety of sources, from family albums to popular culture, to present a complex self-portrait of her experiences as a contemporary aboriginal woman. To date Rosalie’s work has explored the relation of photography to issues of identity.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--Canada Two-Spirit People--Winnipeg Photography Society & Culture Indigenous Art--Photography

Title: Suicide Prevention and Two-Spirited People

URL: https://ruor.uottawa.ca/bitstream/10393/30544/1/Suicide_Prevention_2Spirited_People_Guide_2012.pdf

Description: Suicide rates among two-spirited, gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgendered First Nations are not known, but the rates of related risk factors in these groups indicate that the suicide risk is greater than among heterosexual First Nations. Homophobia, isolation and rejection increase the risk of suicide. An individual’s risk can be decreased if he/she is connected to his/her culture and traditions in a way that recognizes the impacts of colonization. First Nations communities can support two-spirited people by providing safe spaces that include and respect them, by standing up for them, and by speaking out about the discrimination they experience. The term two-spirit is used in this resource because it reflects the importance of First Nations culture as well as sex and gender orientation and diversity. However, it is important to respect that individuals may prefer to identify with other terms to reflect their sexual orientation, sex and gender identity, experiences, or preferences.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--Canada Mental Health Assembly of First Nations Suicide Prevention Resource

Title: Bridges: Alex Wilson's research brings everyone into the circle

URL: https://thestarphoenix.com/news/local-news/bridges-alex-wilsons-research-brings-everyone-into-the-circle/

Description: Alex Wilson, a professor in the University of Saskatchewan’s college of education from the Swampy Cree Nation, teaches Queering our Schools and Communities. By its most basic definition, the undergraduate course will give future educators the tools and perspective they need in order to better support gender and sexually-diverse students.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--Canada Education Resources Indigenous knowledge Swampy Cree

Title: Two-Spirit Truths: Returning to the Circle

URL: https://umanitoba.ca/admin/indigenous_connect/media/2S_1_idea2_april24.pdf

Description: Created by researchers from Two-Spirited People of Manitoba, Inc. and the College of Nursing, this project raises awareness and increases knowledge of Two-Spirit people.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--Canada Two-Spirit People--Resources Two-Spirit People--Health Society & Culture

Title: Two-Spirit Truths: Risk, Resilience and Resurgence in Health

URL: https://umanitoba.ca/admin/indigenous_connect/media/2S_2_idea1_april24.pdf

Description: Created by researchers from Two-Spirited People of Manitoba, Inc. and the College of Nursing, this project raises awareness and increases knowledge of Two-Spirit people.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--Canada Two-Spirit People--Resources Two-Spirit People—Health Society & Culture

Title: Two-Spirit Truths: "Good People" and Creating Safety

URL: https://umanitoba.ca/admin/indigenous_connect/media/2S_3_idea1_april24.pdf

Description: Created by researchers from Two-Spirited People of Manitoba, Inc. and the College of Nursing, this project raises awareness and increases knowledge of Two-Spirit people.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--Canada Two-Spirit People--Resources Two-Spirit People—Health Society & Culture

Title: Two-Spirit Truths: Danger in the Lives of 2SLGBTQQIA People

URL: https://umanitoba.ca/admin/indigenous_connect/media/Returning_to_the_Circle_Research_Bulletin_4.pdf

Description: Created by researchers from Two-Spirited People of Manitoba, Inc. and the College of Nursing, this project raises awareness and increases knowledge of Two-Spirit people.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--Canada Two-Spirit People--Resources Two-Spirit People—Health Society & Culture

Title: Two-Spirit and Non-Binary Resources

URL: https://wcwrc.ca/nonbinaryday/

Description: In honour of International Non-Binary People’s Day (July 14) and WCWRC’s support of the National Inquiry into MMIWG’s Calls to Justice, we have compiled the following Two-Spirit and non-binary resources.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--Canada Two-Spirit People--Resources Society & Culture

Title: University of Winnipeg Two-Spirit Archives a first in Canada

URL: https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/manitoba/two-spirit-archives-university-winnipeg-1.5150759

Description: The decades-long history of the two-spirit movement here in Manitoba and throughout North America is now being saved and preserved at the University of Winnipeg Archives.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--Canada Two-Spirit People--Resources Two-Spirit People--History Archives Society & Culture

Title: 30 years after coming out, two-spirit elder hopes to inspire others to do the same

URL: https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/montreal/ojibwe-cree-elder-ma-nee-chacaby-pride-montreal-grand-marshal-1.5251183/

Description: Ma-Nee Chacaby copes with trauma through her art. She also channelled those same experiences into an autobiography, A Two-Spirit Journey.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--Canada Pride Advocacy Society & Culture Indigenous knowledge Cree Elder Indigenous art

Title: 2-Spirit Cree singer releases video about journey from struggle to hope

URL: https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/north/cree-mental-health-art-programming-angel-baribeau-1.5460008?fbclid=IwAR2Epp2KaE0W_qA87sRsu1vjmtBZegio_5E2W-lDn4_bx3aDtxmWocWRZ9U/

Description: Cree singer and art educator Angel Baribeau has released a single and video called Love is up the River about her journey to happiness and self-expression through art.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--Canada Indigenous knowledge Society & Culture Indigenous art Cree

Title: Manitoba Métis Federation's new two-spirit local starts up in Winnipeg

URL: https://www.cbc.ca/news/indigenous/mmf-metis-two-spirit-local-winnipeg-1.5244595

Description: Article reporting that the Manitoba Métis Federation has an organization to represent its two-spirit and LGBTQ citizens. The Two-Spirit Michif local held its first official meeting in Winnipeg in August 2019 chaired by Nicki Ferland.

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Subject:   Manitoba Métis Federation Two-Spirit People--Canada Two-Spirit People--Manitoba Nicki Ferland Two-Spirit People--Representation Michif Métis--Resources Society & Culture

Title: What being two-spirit means to Indigenous elder Ma-Nee Chacaby

URL: https://www.cbc.ca/radio/thenextchapter/andrew-pyper-kim-izzo-and-the-mystery-panel-1.4161894/what-being-two-spirit-means-to-indigenous-elder-ma-nee-chacaby-1.4162460

Description: Ma-Nee Chacaby is a two-spirit Ojibwa-Cree elder. She uses the term "two-spirit" to mean she carries both a male and a female spirit inside. Even though two-spirited individuals were important in pre-colonial Indigenous communities, Chacaby received intense backlash when she came out as lesbian over 30 years ago. Her memoir, A Two-Spirit Journey, details those struggles — and how she thrived.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--Canada Two-Spirit People--North America Indigenous Art--North America Indigenous Author--Canada Ojibwa-Cree A Two-Spirit Journey

Title: Safe and Caring Schools: Supporting Transgender and Gender Diverse Students in Manitoba Schools

URL: https://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/k12/docs/support/transgender/index.html

Description: This resource provides guidelines for ensuring that schools are safe, respectful and equitable places for transgender and gender diverse students while supporting their individual process.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--Canada Two-Spirit People--Education Safety Gender Resource Education & Training

Title: Two-Spirited People of Manitoba Inc. Facebook Page

URL: https://www.facebook.com/Two-Spirited-People-of-Manitoba-Inc-86908159139/

Description: The Two-Spirited People of Manitoba began in 1986 in Winnipeg. A group of concerned community members came together to support each other and plan community events. We became a non-profit organization in September 2007. We are a community-based organization focused on helping Indigenous LGBTQ/Two-Spirit people improve their lives. With the help of our tireless volunteers, we provide awareness workshops, advocate to prevent homophobia and transphobia, and organize community events. They began their Facebook page to reach out to the wider community.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit people--Canada Gender Indigenous knowledge Pride Society & Culture Social Media

Title: Health and Safety Issues for Aboriginal Transgender/Two Spirit People in Manitoba

URL: https://www.homelesshub.ca/resource/health-and-safety-issues-aboriginal-transgendertwo-spirit-people-manitoba/

Description: A community-based needs assessment funded by Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness Canada was conducted following OCAP principles in order to gain specific knowledge of the safety and secuity concerns, the service and support experiences, and the service and support needs of the transgender and Two Spirit people of Manitoba and Northwestern Ontario. Participants provided quantitative and qualitative data by completing questionnaires. Data was analyzed using Epi Info and content analysis. Twenty-seven of our 75 participants identified as Aboriginal. The assessment shows that participants are at high risk for serious threats to health, quite apart from the needs for access to sex reassignment procedures. Many live in poverty or near-poverty, experience high levels of emotional distress, and high exposure to hostility and violence from a variety of sources in everyday life. Findings were similar in Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal participants in many respects, with the Aboriginal participants having higher levels of poverty and correspondingly higher levels of concerns, experiences and needs associated with living in poverty. Levels of known STI and HIV infections are uch higher among participants than in the general population, and especially among male-born Aboriginal participants. Key recommendations include establishing a Centre of Excellence in trans care; an information campaign for trans people throughout the region, distribution of care and referral protocol throughout the health system, trans-competence training for first responders in emergency and police services.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--Canada Two-Spirit People--Resources Two-Spirit People—Health Society & Culture

Title: Joshua Whitehead

URL: https://www.joshuawhitehead.ca/

Description: Joshua Whitehead (he/him) is a Two-Spirit, Oji-nêhiyaw member of Peguis First Nation (Treaty 1). He is currently a Ph.D. candidate, lecturer, and Killam scholar at the University of Calgary where he studies Indigenous literatures and cultures with a focus on gender and sexuality. His dissertation, tentatively titled "Feral Fatalisms," is a hybrid narrative of theory, essay, and non-fiction that interrogates the role of "ferality" inherent within Indigenous ways of being (with a strong focus on nêhiyawewin). He is the author of full-metal indigiqueer (Talonbooks 2017) which was shortlisted for the inaugural Indigenous Voices Award and the Stephan G. Stephansson Award for Poetry. He is also the author of Jonny Appleseed (Arsenal Pulp Press 2018) which was long listed for the Giller Prize, shortlisted for the Indigenous Voices Award, the Governor General's Literary Award, the Amazon Canada First Novel Award, the Carol Shields Winnipeg Book Award, and won the Lambda Literary Award for Gay Fiction and the Georges Bugnet Award for Fiction. Whitehead is currently working on a third manuscript titled, Making Love with the Land to be published with Knopf Canada, which explores the intersections of Indigeneity, queerness, and, most prominently, mental health through a nêhiyaw lens. Currently, he’s working as an editor for the forthcoming Love After the End: Two-Spirit Utopias and Dystopias to be released in 2019. You can find his work published widely in such venues as Prairie Fire, CV2, EVENT, Arc Poetry Magazine, The Fiddlehead, Grain, CNQ, Write, and Red Rising Magazine.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--Canada Two-Spirit People--North America Indigenous Art--North America Indigenous Author--Canada Peguis First Nation Jonny Appleseed Full-metal indigiqueer

Title: Kent Monkman

URL: https://www.kentmonkman.com/

Description: Kent Monkman, born in Canada in 1965, is a Cree artist who is widely known for his provocative interventions into Western European and American art history. He explores themes of colonization, sexuality, loss, and resilience—the complexities of historic and contemporary Indigenous experiences—across a variety of mediums, including painting, film/video, performance, and installation. Monkman’s gender-fluid alter ego Miss Chief Eagle Testickle often appears in his work as a time-traveling, shape-shifting, supernatural being who reverses the colonial gaze to challenge received notions of history and Indigenous peoples.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--Canada Two-Spirit People--Art Indigenous Art Society & Culture

Title: Montana Two Spirit Society

URL: https://www.mttwospirit.org/

Description: The Montana Two Spirit Society formed in 1996 through a joint effort by Pride Inc. (Montana’s LGBT advocacy organization) and the Montana Gay Men’s Task Force to conduct an annual Two Spirit Gathering. Over the years, the gathering has grown from a handful of participants to nearly 100 attendees from not only Montana but surrounding states as well. Tribes from all over Turtle Island are represented at the Gathering.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit people--North America Gender Indigenous knowledge Pride Society & Culture Two-Spirit people--United States

Title: First stories: Two-Spirited

URL: https://www.nfb.ca/film/first_stories_two_spirited/

Description: This short documentary presents the empowering story of Rodney "Geeyo" Poucette's struggle against prejudice in the Indigenous community as a two-spirited person (gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender). First Stories is an emerging filmmaker program for Indigenous youth which produced 3 separate collections of short films from Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta. Produced in association with CBC, APTN, SCN, SaskFilm and MANITOBA FILM & SOUND.

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Subject:   Society & Culture Narratives Indigenous art--North America Indigenous knowledge Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--Canada National Film Board of Canada Homophobia--Canada Healing

Title: Second stories: Deb-we-win Ge-ken-am-aan, Our Place in the Circle

URL: https://www.nfb.ca/film/second_stories_-our_place_in_the_circle/

Description: Lorne Olson's short documentary presents a vision he had of two-spirited people dancing, laughing, and smiling. His vision spurs him to rediscover the strength of the past to better face the challenges of today. This funny and buoyant film documents his touching journey. Second Stories follows on the heels of the enormously successful First Stories project, which produced 3 separate collections of short films from Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta. Second Stories builds on that success by continuing the training with 3 of the 12 Indigenous filmmakers who delivered such compelling short documentaries. Produced in association with CBC, APTN, SCN, SaskFilm and MANITOBA FILM & SOUND.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--Canada Two-Spirit People--North America Indigenous knowledge Indigenous art--North America Narratives Society & Culture National Film Board of Canada

Title: OUTSaskatoon - Two-Spirit

URL: https://www.outsaskatoon.ca/two_spirit1/

Description: OUTSaskatoon supports 2SLGBTQ people of all ages and backgrounds through peer support and counselling, education and resources, outreach, and sexual health services. This page describes the history and resources available regarding two-spirit people.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--Canada Two-Spirit People--Resources Two-Spirit People--History Two-Spirit People--Saskatoon Society & Culture

Title: A New Look at Homophobia and Heterosexism in Canada

URL: https://www.rainbowhealthontario.ca/resources/a-new-look-at-homophobia-and-heterosexism-in-canada/

Description: This report is designed to act as an informative guide for confronting homophobia in the context of confronting HIV/AIDS. In 2002 the United Nations chose “Stigma and Discrimination” as the theme for World AIDS Day and AIDS Awareness activities in 2002/2003. In light of this theme, CAS has chosen to renew its 1991 materials addressing homophobia and heterosexism because of their relevance and the continued effect of homophobia on Canadian community-based AIDS work. This document represents part of what CAS hopes will be an ongoing discussion of homophobia in Canada. The original 1991 document had at its core an understanding that confronting homophobia and heterosexism is essential to confronting HIV/AIDS. The main discussion focused on how heterosexism had shaped institutional responses to AIDS, and the early response of gay and lesbian communities to AIDS. Research has indicated clearly that homophobia undermines our ability to adequately address HIV infection. Homophobia is a risk factor in HIV prevention and care. Confronting, reducing and eliminating homophobia and heterosexism are crucial in any systemic approach to HIV infection in Canada.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--Canada Two-Spirit People--North America Homophobia Education Resource

Title: Sex Worker Jamie Lee Hamilton Sounded the Alarm About Vancouver's Missing Women

URL: https://www.theglobeandmail.com/canada/british-columbia/article-sex-worker-jamie-lee-hamilton-sounded-the-alarm-about-vancouvers/

Description: Obituary for Jamie Lee Hamilton (1955-2019) expressing her life of activism and efforts to seek justice for the missing and murdered women in Vancouver, BC's Downtown Eastside. Ms. Hamilton, who was transgender, was born James Arthur Hamilton on Sept. 20, 1955, in Vancouver, the second of two children born to Cree community organizer Alice MacMillan, a co-founder of the city’s Aboriginal Friendship Centre, and Ralph Hamilton, a foundry worker of Irish-Protestant stock.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit--North America Two-Spirit--Canada Activism Society & Culture Missing and Murdered Women Hamilton, Jamie Lee

Title: The Finds of C2C: Two Spirit & Queer/Trans People of Colour

URL: https://www.uwinnipeg.ca/c2c/docs/c2c_calls-to-action_final.pdf

Description: The University of Winnipeg (UW) hosted C2C: Two-Spirit & Queer/Trans People of Colour: A Call to Conversation with LGBT & Allies in partnership with Two-Spirited People of Manitoba Inc. and Queer & Trans People of Colour (QTPOC) Winnipeg. The historic three-day conference, one of the frst gatherings of Two-Spirit (2S) and queer/trans people of colour (QTPOC) to focus on gender and sexual diversity in racialized contexts, was held October 20-22, 2017. This document represents the Calls to Action born from the conference.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Queer & Trans People of Colour--North America Two-Spirit People--Canada Queer & Trans People of Colour--Canada Two-Spirit People--Resources Queer & Trans People of Colour--Resources Society & Culture Education

Title: Native American 'Two-Spirit People' Serve Unique Roles Within Their Communities

URL: https://www.wpr.org/native-american-two-spirit-people-serve-unique-roles-within-their-communities/

Description: Narrative of Isaiah Brokenleg, two-spirit individual in his Lakota community, the Rosebud Sioux Tribe.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--United States Lakota People Society & Culture Winkte

Title: Out Stories of Lesbian and Gay Youth

URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3KPK78nCliE

Description: A national film board of Canada production from 1993 about gay and lesbian youth - this version was recorded from a library copy for public performance for documentary purposes.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--Canada Two-Spirit People--North America Gay and Lesbian Youth Pride Society & Culture Narratives Gender

Title: Two Spirits in Motion

URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7S5FwvcLf2Y

Description: First Canadian forum on Two-Spirit peoples, HIV/AIDS, and health in Edmonton, Alberta, 6-8 February 2003.

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Subject:   Two-spirit People--North America Two-spirit gathering Narratives Gender Sexuality Indigenous knowledge Pride Two-spirit People--Canada Community Health HIV/AIDS Suicide Prevention

Title: InQueeries: 2SLGBTQ+ Histories of Southwestern Alberta Webinar - YouTube

URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EYiqLP8XFWc

Description: In this webinar, Aimee Benoit and Liam Devitt share the unique youth curator model and the oral history process used to create an exhibition about queer histories in southwestern Alberta.

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Subject:   LBGTQ2S+ Oral History Two-Spirit People--Resources Two-Spirit People--History Society & Culture Two-Spirit People--Canada Two-Spirit People--North America

Title: San Francisco Two-Spirit Powwow - YouTube

URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N4BQbRnKdIY

Description: February 4th, 2017 Annual BAAITS Two-Spirit Powwow in San Francisco.

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Subject:   Video Gender Pride Indigenous knowledge Society & Culture Two-Spirit People--United States Two-Spirit People--North America

Title: The Gay Spirit - A Vancouver Canada Gay/Lesbian History Slideshow (1979-2010) - YouTube

URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b13ZYLCdS24

Description: Slide show with music of the Vancouver gay/lesbian community from the years 1979-2010, composed of pictures from David Myers, Bill Houghton, and John Kozachenko. The music is portions of six songs by gay/lesbian artists, commonly played on the Coming Out Radio Show during David Myers and Bill Houghton's years with the radio show (1978-1986). It features photos from early Vancouver Gay Pride Parades, AIDS Walks, various demonstrations, and local gay/lesbian social events.

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Subject:   Homophobia Activism Society & Culture Art Two-Spirit--Canada Two-Spirit--North America

Title: Wabanaki Two-Spirit Alliance

URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bgG1o-JcKdw

Description: This "It gets better" video was made in support of Two-Spirit youth in communities across the Atlantic region. Our message is simple; you can be a happy and successful Two-Spirit person and suicide is not an option. Life only gets better.

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Subject:   Community Two-spirit People--Canada Suicide prevention Pride Indigenous knowledge Sexuality Gender Narratives Two-spirit gathering Two-spirit People--North America

Title: Face-to-Face with Jack Saddleback

URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gJs4fy-XDrI

Description: Jack is a Cree two-spirit transgender man. Born a biological female, he came to understand that his inner identity didn’t match his outer experience. As a gender-queer child, Jack struggled with constant bullying. Jack’s mental health deteriorated throughout his teenage years resulting in a severe depression and ultimately a suicide attempt at 15. Jack’s road to recovery has been challenging, dealing with stigma, discrimination, and especially a lack of adequate services in rural Alberta. Jack’s appreciation for his family’s devotion pushed him to ACT!ON such as applying for the Mental Health Commission of Canada’s Youth Council. As the former University of Saskatchewan Students’ Union’s Pride Centre Coordinator, and the current USSU Vice President of Student Affairs, Jack is a strong leader for mental health. Jack has also helped to create “safe-space” for queer people within First Nations cultural ceremonies by establishing gender-neutral sweats and pipe-ceremonies on campus. Jack’s culture plays a huge role in his well-being. To be able to partake in ceremonies that celebrate all aspects of his identity helps him to continue to take an active role in mental health advocacy. Jack recognizes that all people have a mental health and we owe it to ourselves to talk about it. For Jack, ACT!ON is a must.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Depression Indigenous knowledge Pride Society & Culture Narratives Gender Two-Spirit People--Canada Youth Mental health

Title: Frameline Voices: Two Spirits - YouTube

URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pY21Iirhp5o

Description: Joey Criddle is a Two Spirit man fighting with other LGBTQ Native Americans to reclaim the place of honor that many Two Spirits once held prior to colonization. The film follows Joey as he leads parallel lives - one as a co-director of the Two Spirit Society of Denver and the other as a father attending the Mississippi wedding of his Pentecostal son. Joey's words bridge the gap between the closeted man he was in Mississippi and the Two Spirit activist he is today.

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Subject:   Two Spirit Society of Denver Pride Racism--United States Society & Culture Homophobia--United States Two-Spirit People--United States Two-Spirit People--North America

Title: Frameline Voices: Two Spirits

URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pY21Iirhp5o/

Description: Joey Criddle is a Two Spirit man fighting with other LGBTQ Native Americans to reclaim the place of honor that many Two Spirits once held prior to colonization. The film follows Joey as he leads parallel lives - one as a co-director of the Two Spirit Society of Denver and the other as a father attending the Mississippi wedding of his Pentecostal son. Joey's words bridge the gap between the closeted man he was in Mississippi and the Two Spirit activist he is today.

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Subject:   Two-Spirit People--North America Two-Spirit People--United States Homophobia--United States Society & Culture Racism--United States Pride Two Spirit Society of Denver

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