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National Library of Medicine

Archive-It Partner Since: Mar, 2009

Organization Type: National Institutions

Organization URL: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/   

Description:

The National Library of Medicine (NLM), the world's largest medical library and a component of the National Institutes of Health, collects, preserves, and makes available to the public information about health, medicine, and the biomedical sciences. To continue fulfilling this mission, NLM is collecting and archiving related Web content, which also serves to document the histories of health and medicine. For questions about our web archiving program contact us at nlmwebcollecting@nlm.nih.gov.

Page 1 of 1 (23 Total Results)

Title: Science & Tech Spotlight: Social Distancing During Pandemics | U.S. GAO

URL: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-545SP

Collection: Global Health Events web archive

Description: This two-page document provides information about social distancing, the still-developing science behind it, and how it saves lives by slowing disease transmission and reducing the load on the health care system in a pandemic such as COVID-19. The document discusses social distancing opportunities, challenges, and policy context and questions.

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Title: Science & Tech Spotlight: Herd Immunity For COVID-19 | U.S. GAO

URL: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-646SP

Collection: Global Health Events web archive

Description: This two-page document explains herd immunity, and how increasing the immunity of a population to an infectious disease like COVID-19 can slow the spread of infection and protect those most vulnerable. However, with limited information about important aspects of COVID-19, there are challenges to understanding the implications of herd immunity in the current pandemic.

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Title: Science & Tech Spotlight: Coronaviruses | U.S. GAO

URL: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-472SP

Collection: Global Health Events web archive

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Title: Science & Tech Spotlight: Contact Tracing Apps | U.S. GAO

URL: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-666SP

Collection: Global Health Events web archive

Description: This two-page document explains how contact tracing can help reduce transmission rates for infectious diseases like COVID-19 by identifying and notifying people who may have been exposed. Contact tracing apps, notably those using proximity tracing, could expedite such efforts. However, there are challenges, including accuracy, adoption rates, and privacy concerns about these apps.

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Title: Science & Tech Spotlight: COVID-19 Vaccine Development [Updated on June 29, 2021] | U.S. GAO

URL: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-583SP

Collection: Global Health Events web archive

Description: This document provides information about COVID-19 vaccine development, including the technology involved, opportunities, challenges, and policy context and questions. As of May 15, 2020, there are more than 110 COVID-19 vaccines in development globally; of those, at least three are being developed in the United States with federal funding.

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Title: Science & Tech Spotlight: COVID-19 Testing | U.S. GAO

URL: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-584SP

Collection: Global Health Events web archive

Description: This two-page Spotlight looks at the three types of FDA-authorized COVID-19 tests. Molecular and antigen tests help diagnose active infections. Molecular tests look for the virus's genetic material, while antigen tests look for unique parts of the virus. Results can be used for quarantines, routing supplies, and other uses. Serology tests look for antibodies in the blood to help determine prior exposure.

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Title: Science & Tech Spotlight: COVID-19 Modeling | U.S. GAO

URL: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-582SP

Collection: Global Health Events web archive

Description: This two-page document provides information about infectious disease models, which can help guide policy decisions, such as how to allocate health care resources in response to COVID-19. Interpreting models requires understanding their purpose, limitations, and assumptions.

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Title: Public Health Preparedness: HHS Should Take Actions to Ensure It Has an Adequate Number of Effectively Trained Emergency Responders | U.S. GAO

URL: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-525

Collection: Global Health Events web archive

Description: This 44-page report examines the workforce planning for National Disaster Medical System (NDMS) responders to assist with public health emergencies, and training provided to these responders. The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) responded to COVID-19, in part, by deploying responders enrolled in the NDMS. These individuals, such as doctors and nurses, generally work outside the federal government and are federal employees used intermittently.

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Title: Public Health Preparedness: HHS Has Taken Some Steps to Implement New Authority to Speed Medical Countermeasure Innovation | U.S. GAO

URL: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-601R

Collection: Global Health Events web archive

Description: The COVID-19 pandemic and other infectious disease outbreaks have raised concern about the nation's ability to prevent, respond to, or mitigate potential public health emergencies. Congress allowed the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to partner with a private, nonprofit entity to work on this problem. This 11-page report describes the status of the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA)'s implementation of the innovation partner authority.

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Title: National Biodefense Strategy: Opportunities and Challenges with Early Implementation | U.S. GAO

URL: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-483T

Collection: Global Health Events web archive

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Title: Infection Control Deficiencies Were Widespread and Persistent in Nursing Homes Prior to COVID-19 Pandemic | U.S. GAO

URL: https://www.gao.gov/products/gao-20-576r

Collection: Global Health Events web archive

Description: This 15-page report discusses findings that, prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, most nursing homes were cited for infection prevention and control deficiencies (82 percent of those surveyed from 2013-2017). About half of these homes had persistent problems and were cited across multiple years.

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Title: Drug Safety: COVID-19 Complicates Already Challenged FDA Foreign Inspection Program | U.S. GAO

URL: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-626T

Collection: Global Health Events web archive

Description: This 31-page Congressional testimony describes how the outbreak of COVID-19 has called greater attention to the United States' reliance on foreign drug manufacturers. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) began to postpone almost all inspections of foreign manufacturing establishments in March 2020 due to COVID-19, and the testimony explains that this lack of foreign inspections removes a critical source of information about the quality of drugs manufactured for the U.S. market.

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Title: Disaster Recovery: COVID-19 Pandemic Intensifies Disaster Recovery Challenges for K-12 Schools | U.S. GAO

URL: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-21-62R

Collection: Global Health Events web archive

Description: This 14-page report summarizes a study that examined how the COVID-19 pandemic has affected schools recovering from recent natural disasters; the support the U.S. Department of Education has provided to help schools recover from recent natural disasters and how the COVID-19 pandemic has affected schools' use of these resources; and how recovery efforts from recent natural disasters were affected by the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Title: Covid-19: Opportunities to Improve Federal Response and Recovery Efforts | U.S. GAO

URL: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-625

Collection: Global Health Events web archive

Description: This 403-page report examines key actions the federal government has taken to address the COVID-19 pandemic and evolving lessons learned relevant to the nation's response to pandemics, among other things. It discusses sources of federal funding, including the Public Health and Social Services Emergency Fund from the Department of Health and Human Services.

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Title: Covid-19: Data Quality and Considerations for Modeling and Analysis | U.S. GAO

URL: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-635SP

Collection: Global Health Events web archive

Description: This 49-page technology assessment examines collection methods and limitations of COVID-19 surveillance data reported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC); approaches for analyzing COVID-19 data; and uses and limitations of forecast modeling for understanding COVID-19.

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Title: Covid-19 Contracting: Observations on Federal Contracting in Response to the Pandemic | U.S. GAO

URL: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-632

Collection: Global Health Events web archive

Description: This 46-page report describes, among other objectives, key characteristics of federal contracting obligations awarded in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Federal agencies awarded $17.8 billion in contracts as of mid-June 2020 for critical goods and services supporting responses to the COVID-19 pandemic. Contracts often play a key role in federal emergency response.

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Title: Coronavirus Oversight | U.S. GAO

URL: https://www.gao.gov/coronavirus

Collection: Global Health Events web archive

Description: Website from the U.S. Government Accountability Office which provides information about the federal response to COVID-19 and oversight of related spending. Resources include numerous reports, recommendations, and suspected fraud reporting.

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Title: COVID-19: Federal Efforts Could Be Strengthened by Timely and Concerted Actions | U.S. GAO

URL: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-701

Collection: Global Health Events web archive

Description: This 371-page report updates the GAO's oversight of federal actions to support public health, individuals, and the economy during the COVID-19 pandemic, and details evolving lessons learned relevant to the nation's response to pandemics. It provides 16 recommendations for federal agencies.

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Title: COVID-19: FEMA's Role in the Response and Related Challenges | U.S. GAO

URL: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-685T

Collection: Global Health Events web archive

Description: This 20-page Congressional testimony addresses the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)'s role in managing the COVID-19 pandemic, including efforts to acquire and distribute critical medical supplies. It discusses GAO's recent report on the COVID-19 pandemic response and past work on other disasters, which identified potential challenges FEMA faces in responding to the pandemic and any future nationally significant biological incidents.

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Title: COVID-19: Critical Vaccine Distribution, Supply Chain, Program Integrity, and Other Challenges Require Focused Federal Attention

URL: https://files.gao.gov/reports/GAO-21-265/index.html

Collection: Global Health Events web archive

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Title: COVID-19: Brief Update on Initial Federal Response to the Pandemic | U.S. GAO

URL: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-708

Collection: Global Health Events web archive

Description: This 44-page report examines federal spending on the COVID-19 response; indicators for monitoring public health and the economy; and the status of matters for congressional consideration and recommendations from GAO's June 2020 report.

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Title: Back to School for the Third Year Affected by the Pandemic | U.S. GAO

URL: https://www.gao.gov/blog/back-school-third-year-affected-pandemic

Collection: Global Health Events web archive

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Title: Air Travel and Communicable Diseases: Status of Research Efforts and Action Still Needed to Develop Federal Preparedness Plan | U.S. GAO

URL: https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-20-655T

Collection: Global Health Events web archive

Description: This 16-page Congressional testimony discusses how COVID-19 is only the latest communicable disease threat to raise public health concerns regarding the spread of contagion through air travel. It provides information on the U.S. aviation system's preparedness to respond to communicable disease threats, and the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)'s management of its R&D portfolio, including the extent to which disease transmission on aircraft and at airports has been the focus of FAA research.

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Page 1 of 1 (23 Total Results)